Wolfson v. Concannon: Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Amici Brief of CLC et al. in Support of Concannon's Petition for Rehearing En Banc

In states that choose their judges through elections, judicial codes of conduct are “‘[t]he principal safeguard against judicial campaign abuses’ that threaten to imperil ‘public confidence in the fairness and integrity of the nation’s elected judges.’” Caperton v. A.T. Massey Coal Co., Inc., 556 U.S. 868, 889 (2009) (citation omitted). For this reason, it is universally acknowledged that judicial codes further “a vital state interest.” Id.